The management of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) is a core value of a successful economy or society. Effective management requires development and implementation of policies, programmes, plans, procedures, processes and practices relevant to Occupational Safety and Health.

These management arrangements have to be measured and monitored for their efficiency and effectiveness. You cannot manage what you cannot monitor, and you cannot monitor what you cannot measure.

It is also important to review the performance of the organisation in occupational safety and health in order to inform decision making and to promote continual improvement.

Performance is greatly influenced by the culture of the organisation and the behaviours of individual members.


Learning Outcomes

On completion of this course, students should be able to:

1.      Measure and monitor an organisation’s health and safety performance.

2.      Promote a positive safety culture in an organization


2 weeks

Teaching Methods:

Modified lectures, individual and group presentations/discussions, field work, case studies.

Assessment Criteria:

Continuous Assessment Test(s) = 20%, Assignments/Practical Exercises = 20%, Examination = 60%.


Course Content:

·         Introduction to safety culture, climate and behaviour; Concepts and Significance, Positive and Negative safety culture/climate, Relevance of Safety culture and Behaviour to Health and Safety Performance

·         Proactive monitoring; safety inspections, sampling, tours and surveys, health surveillance and benchmarking

·         Reactive Monitoring: Performance indicators, Reporting, recording and

·         Effective Accident investigation.

·         Effect of organisational cultural factors, peer pressure and norms on individual behaviour

·         Improving Health and Safety Behaviour; Management Commitment and Leadership,  Keeping Up To Date

·         Health Promotion and Wellness Programmes at Work

Study Materials:

1.      Black, C.M. 2011. The Management of Health and Well Being in the Workplace: Essential Guide for those Involved in Health and Well Being in the Workplace.

2.      Finn, J. 2017. The Kiss Theory: Health and Wellness at Work: Keep It Strategically Simple.

3.      Glanz, K., Rimer, B. and Viswanath, K. 2015. Health Behaviour and Health Education.

4.      Gruver, K.L.  2017. Workplace Wellness: Everything You Need to Know to Stay Well at Work.

5.      HSE. 2020. A Guide to Measuring Health & Safety performance

6.      ILO. 2013.  Occupational Safety and Health Encyclopedia.

7.      Labonte, R and Laverack, G. 2008. Health Promotion in Action: From Local to Global Empowerment.

8.      Michael, J. 2014. Fitness at Workplace: How to Improve Health and Productivity at your Workplace to Achieve Peak Performance.

9.      Naidoo, J. and Wills, J. 2016. Foundations of Health Promotion.

10.  O’Donnell, M.P. 2017. Health Promotion in the Workplace.

11.  O’Donnell, M.P. 2017. Health Promotion in the Workplace.

12.  Rapid Results College Limited, 2015. Management of International Health and Safety.

Scrivens, A. and Hodgins, M. 2011. Health Promotion Settings: Principles and Practices

Communication is an interactive process where people exchange, share, transfer information, ideas, knowledge, meanings and feelings. This “exchange” is carried out by using verbal and non-verbal messages. Good and effective communication implies the full understanding of what the various parties involved in the “exchange of ideas” actually mean and feel. It is the basis of positive interaction between human beings. However, it is rarely achieved. Many people think communicating effectively is easy and that everyone can communicate.  Unfortunately, this is not true.  Messages sent are often changed by the time they arrive especially in verbal communications.  What we say is often not what we meant and what the person understands is not always what we intended.  However, proper training, underpinned by good theoretical and practical spheres can improve significantly the communication skills of almost anybody.

Learning Outcomes:

1.      Select and use appropriate communication channels

2.      Understanding the barriers to effective communication

3.      Gather information from individuals or groups through interviews

4.      Choose and use the most appropriate communication methods and media for different circumstances and different target individuals and groups.

5.      Be able to prepare and present a power point presentation to an audience

6.      Be able to use computers for academic work.



3 weeks

Teaching methods

The course will be taught through modified lectures, group discussions and practical sessions and reading of selected scientific papers.


The course will be assessed through participation in group discussions and practical sessions, plus presentations.  The end of course assessment will be a written assignment/examination.

Course outline

  • Process of Communication
  • Active listening
  • Importance of Communicating Effectively
  • Barriers to Effective Communication
  • Internal & External Communication
  • Verbal &Non-Verbal Communication
  • Writing and Presentation Skills; Letters, Reports, Proposals, Memorandum and E-Communication
  • Interviews – Preparing for Job Interviews, Letter of Application, Curriculum Vitae Writing
  • Conflict Communication
  • Cultural appropriateness in communication
  • Teamwork
  • Customer Service and Communication
  • Computer hardware, Software and computer operations,


Reading Materials:

1.      Anderson, D.S. & Miller, R.E. 2016. Health and Safety Communication: A practical Guide.

2.      Bovée C.L., Thrill, J.V. and  Schatzman, B.E, Business Communication Today.

3.      Cotteral, S. 2014. Dissertations and project Reports: A Step by Step Guide.

4.      Davidson C. 2016. Winning techniques for Public Speaking and presenting: How to Influence people with Social Communication Skills.

5.      Douglas I. 2017. Writing reports that get Results: Using lanaguage’s Power to Persuade.

6.      Fiske, J. 2010. Introduction to Communication Studies (Studies in Culture and Communication).

7.      Fitz Patrick L. & Valskov, K. 2014. Internal Communications: A manual for Practioners.

8.      Gibson J. & Walker, F. 2011. The Art of Active Listening: How to Double Your Communication Skills in 30 Days.

9.      Griffiths, A. & Shepherd, E. 2013. Investigative Interviewing: The Conversation Management Approach.

10.  Guirdham O. 2017. Communicating Across Cultures at Work.

11.  Gutierez A. 2014. Effective Communication in the Workplace: Learn How to Communicate Effectively and Avoid Common Barriers to Effective Communication.

12.  Heppell M. 2015. Five Star Service: How to Deliver Exceptional Customer Service.

13.  Jame K.L. 2013. Computer Hardware: Installation, Inferfacing, Troubleshooting and Maintenance.

14.  Kinyon J. & Lasater, I. 2015. From Conflict to connection: Transforming Different Conversations into peaceful Resolutions.

15.  Lake D. & Baerg, K. 2017. Teamwork, Leadership and Communication: Collaboration Basics for health Professionals.

16.  Mathews, K. 2013. Verbal Communication Skills for Entrepreneurs

17.  Maxwell J.C. & Runnette, S. 2015.  Teamwork 101: What Every Leader Needs to Know.

18.  Nolen, R. 2016. Body language: Effective Non-Verbal Communication to Understand People, Influence People and Attract People Instantly.

19.  Open University. 2012. Report Writing.

20.  Open University. 2016. Using A Computer to Study.

21.  Portigal, S. 2013. Interviewing Users: How to Uncover Compelling Insights.

22.  Quible Z.K., Johnson, M.H. and Mott, D.L. Introduction to Business Communication.

23.  Remland, S.M. 2016. Nonverbal Communication in Everyday Life.

24.  Rogers C.R. & Farson, R.E. 2015. Active Listening.

25.  Sutton R.M. & Hornsey, M.J. 2012. Feedback: The Communication of Praise, Criticism and Advice (Language as Social Action)

26.  Thomson N. 2014. Effective Communication: A Guide for the People Professions

Construction is a high hazard industry that has a wide range of activities involving alteration, and/or repair. Examples include residential and commercial building construction, bridge erection, roadway paving, excavations, demolition, and large scale painting jobs. Construction workers engage in many activities that may expose them to serious hazards, such as falling from rooftops, unguarded machinery, being struck by heavy construction equipment, electrocutions, silica dust, and asbestos. Most accidents can be avoided by implementing stringent health and safety protocols and ensuring those protocols are constantly maintained. This course is intended to give students knowledge and skills on construction safety and health methods will ensure the construction site has good design; good planning and uses tried and tested safety techniques.


Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

·         Examine and explain the theories and concepts of construction safety and health.

·         Describe how to apply construction safety and health programs and policies while on the job.

·         Describe contractors and safety and health teams.


3 weeks.

Teaching Methods:

Modified lecture, case studies, videos, group projects and presentations, field work and practicals.


Continuous Assessment Test(s) = 20%, Assignments/Practical Exercises = 20%, Examination = 60%.


Course Content:

·         Introduction to construction work and processes

·         Construction site-hazards and risk control.

·         Pre-construction safety measures: storage of materials and dangerous products, formwork, scaffoldings, ladders.

·         Safety aspects of machinery; equipment– scaffoldings, lifts, cranes, conveyor belts. Specifications for Construction Works

Study Material:

1.      Aoife F. A.G. 2013. Safety and Health in Construction Research Roadmap

2.      Australia. Safe Work.  2015. Work Health & Safety Perceptions in the Construction Industry

3.      Department of Building and Safety.  2016. Information Bulletin / Public - Building Code

4.      Workplace Health & Safety Queensland. 2019. Guide to machinery and equipment safetyMachinery and Equipment Safety.

5.      Department of Labour.  2017. Occupational Health and Safety Act (85/1993): Construction Regulations

6.      Fabián A. and Suárez S. 2017. Occupational Safety and Health in Construction: A Review of Applications and Trends.

7.      Farris, J.F. 2011. Structural Steel Design, Fabrication, and Construction

8.      Goetsh, D. 2018. Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists, Engineers and Managers Machine Safety, Prevention of Mechanical Hazards.

9.      Government of South Australia. 2014. Demolition Work Code of Practice Fact Sheet

10.  Harwood S. 2016. Health and Safety in the Workplace Construction Industry Curriculum Instructional Guide

11.  Health and Safety Executive, 2017. Health and Safety in Construction

12.  Health and Safety Executive.  2015. Managing Health and Safety in Construction (Design and Management) Regulations.

13.  Hislop, R.H.2019. Construction Site Safety

14.  CITB. 2016. Construction Site Safety.

15.  New Zealand Government. 2014.  Safe Use of Machinery

16.  NSW Government. 2016. Code of Practice Demolition Work

17.  Safe work Australia. 2016. Demolition Work Code of Practice

18.  Sask P. 2013. Contractor Health and Safety Management Program, Contractor Information Package.

19.  Schneider E. 2016. Safe Machinery Handbook.

20.  CDM 2015. Structural Steel Design 

21.  University of Guelph. 2017. Contractor Safety Management Program.

Transport Safety is a key concern for our road, maritime and aviation transport activities. These can include moving people, delivering products or transporting goods and equipment to and within the areas where we operate.

Transportation safety is concerned with the protection of life and property through regulation, management and technology development of all forms of transportation.

Learning Outcomes:

After studying this course, students will be able to:

·         Analyze the effect of driver characteristics, roadway characteristics, and climatic factors on highway safety.

·         Analyze accident data and suggest safety measures.

·         Interpret accident data using statistical analysis.


Teaching Methods:

Modified lectures, individual and group assignments and presentations, video’s, field work and practical’s.


2 weeks


Continuous Assessment Test(s) = 20%, Assignments/Practical Exercises = 20%, Examination = 60%.


Course Content:

·         Introduction to transport safety; Workplace transport safety and Road Traffic safety

·         Workplace Transport Hazards; Workplace layout and Design, Vehicle condition, vehicle activities, driver and other workers

·         Workplace Transport Risks; Overturning, collisions, loss of control

·         Road Traffic hazards and risk factors; Driver behaviour and competence, Driver fatigue, Vehicle condition, Roadside working

·         Managing transport safety: sequential approach to risk control; Physical, Management controls and Human factor controls

o   Physical Controls;

§  Safe site design and layout ( Segregation, Traffic routes, Temporary traffic routes, Visibility, Speed reduction, Signs, signals and markings, Lighting);

§  Managing vehicle activity; Reversing, Parking, Flag persons, Coupling and uncoupling, Loading and unloading, tipping and Sheeting;

§  Safe vehicle condition; vehicle suitability and specifications, provision and use of vehicle Safety equipment

·         Management Controls;

o   Vehicle inspection and maintenance;

o   Driver supervision

o   Key elements of a management framework for reducing accidents

ü  Senior management commitment

ü  Analysis of vehicle accidents

ü  Setting goals and objectives

ü  Establishing driver training programmes

Defensive driving

Vehicle checks and maintenance

ü  Communication of the programme

ü  Maintaining a safe driving culture

ü  Monitor the programme

·         Human Factor Controls;

o   Safe driver; Effective selection, assessment and development arrangement for drivers, Competence, Fitness to operate, information, instruction and training

·         Journey Management Planning;

o   Routes, scheduling, time, travel distance, weather, road works,

Study Materials:


1.      AfDB , 2012. Road Safety in Africa: An Overview.

2.      Belcher, M & Proctor, S. 2015.  Practical Road Safety Auditing.

3.      Belin M.A., Tillgren P. 2012. Vision Zero Road Safety Policy Innovation,

4.      Blokdyk, G. 2021. Transport Management System: A Complete Guide.

5.      Breen, J., Humphreys, R.M. & Melibaeva, S.  2013. Guidelines for Mainstreaming Road Safety in Regional Trade Road Corridors

6.      Budd, L. & Ison, S. 2016.  Air Transport Management: An International Perspective

7.      Commission for Global Road Safety. 2013. Safe Roads for All,

8.      Department for Transport. 2021.  Safety at Street Works and Road Works A Code of Practice.

9.      Dileep, M.R. 2019. Tourism, Transport and Travel Management

10.  Great Britain: Department for Transport. 2013. Safety at street works and road works: a code of practice

11.  Hakkert, A.S., Gitelman, V. and VIS, M.A., 2017. Road Safety Performance Indicators

12.  HSG136. 2014. A Guide to Workplace Transport Safety,

13. 2016. Road Safety Management Systems

14.  Illinois Department of Transportation, 2012. Transportation Safety and System Security

15.  Korbel, F. 2015. Global Integrated Transport: Passengers, Freight, Post, Data, Water and Electricity in One Safe Network

16.  Netjasov, F. 2014.  Air Transport Safety: An Introduction (Transportation Issues, Policies and R&D)

17.  Theeuwes, J. 2017. Designing Safe Road Systems: A Human Factors Perspective (Human Factors in Road and Rail Transport)

18.  Wåhlberg, A. 2017.  Driver Behaviour and Accident Research Methodology: Unresolved Problems (Human Factors in Road and Rail Transport)

19.  Weintrit, A. & Neumann, T. 2020. Safety of Marine Transport: Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation

20., 2013 Workplace Transport Safety: A Brief Guide

This course is intended to enable students to; collect, collate, analyze and use the workplace information for the improvement of workplace safety and health.

Learning Outcome

By the end of the course, the students will be able to;

1)      Understand all the aspects and sources of information in the workplace

2)      Collect, collate, analyze and use the workplace information for the improvement of workplace safety and health.


3 weeks

Teaching Methods

  • Power Point Presentation
  • Participative approach
  • Demonstration
  • Case studies 

Assessment Criteria

Continuous Assessment Test(s) = 20%, Assignments/Practical Exercises = 20%, Examination = 60%.

Course content

·         Aspects of information on OSH in the workplace

·          Demographic Information;

·         The organisational structure development and responsibilities and chain of operations

·         Site organisation and management, building and technology;

·          Management systems;

·         Policies and PDCA cycle,

·         Major sources of OSH information;

·         Strategic Plans;

·         Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System;

·         Information management services.



1.      Alberta. 2011. Occupational Health and Safety Tool Kit for Small Business

2.      Alli o. B. 2009. Fundamental principles of occupational health and safety

3.      European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. 2012 Management Leadership in Occupational Safety and Health a practical guide

4.      Gorenflo G. and John W. M. 2009. The ABCs of PDCA

5.      ILO Conventions. 2010. Recommendations and codes of practice

6.      ILO. 2013. Occupational Safety and Health Encyclopedia,.

7.      International Labour Organisation. 2011. OSH Management System, A tool for continual improvement,

8.      Kaizen. 2010. PDCA ( Plan / Do / Check / Act )

9.      Occupational Safety And Health Act No. 9 2006

10.  Oeij,P.R.A. & Rus, D. 2017. Workplace Innovation: Theory, Research and Practice (Aligning Perspectives on Health, Safety and Well-being).

No programme looking at occupational safety and health can omit to look at the aspects of environmental management.  We are part of this environment and our decisions and how it is managed affect us all.   The course aims to address the key issues affecting the environment and how it impacts on workers through identifying ways in which these issues can be managed.  Environmental management looks at how decisions are made and how they can be managed not only effectively, but sustainably.

Learning Outcomes:

By completion of the course the students should be able to

·         Explain the role of environmental management in occupational safety and health

·         Implement good waste management practices

·         Implement good natural resource management practices into different workplaces

·         Discuss the environmental legal implications in relation to OSH.


Teaching Methods:

Modified lectures, individual/group assignments & presentations, discussions and field work


3 weeks


Continuous Assessment Test(s) = 20%, Assignments/Practical Exercises = 20%, Examination = 60%.

Course Content:

·         Introduction to environmental management; scope, importance and multidisciplinary nature of environmental management,

·         Environmental Legal framework

·         Climate change, sustainability and sustainable development goals.

·         Natural Resources; Land resources and land use management,  Water resource management, Energy resource management, Biodiversity and Conservation

·         Environmental Pollution, protection and management

·         Waste Management


Study Materials:

1.      Adama, O. & Nzeadibe, T.C. 2017. Dealing With Waste Resource Recovery and Entrepreneurship in Informal Solid Waste Management in African Cities.

2.      Alao, A. 2015. Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa: The Tragedy of Endowment.

3.      Asante-Duah, K 2017. Public health Risk Assessment for Human Exposure to Chemicals.

4.      Bell, S. & McGillivary, D. 2017. Environmental Law.

5.      Blewitt, J. 2017. Understanding Sustainable Development

6.      Bunnefeld, N. 2017. Decision – Making in Conservation and Natural Resource Management-Models for Interdisciplinary Approach.

7.      Dodds, F. & Donoghue, D. 2016. Negotiating the Sustainable Development Goals: A transformational Agenda for an Insecure World.

8.      Dupuy, P-M. 2015. International Environmental Law.

9.      Field, B.C. 2015. Natural Resource Economics-An Introduction.

10.  Filho, W. & Mifsud, M. 2017. Handbook of Lifelong learning for Sustainable Development

11.  Friis, R.H. 2015. Essentials of Environmental Health

12.  Hill, M.K. 2020. Understanding Environmental Pollution.

13.  Hirokawa, K.H. 2016. Environmental Law and Contrasting Ideas of Nature.

14.  Launtzen, E.K. 2017. Construction, Demolition Waste Management: An Integrated and Sustainable Approach.

15.  Loehr, J. & Loehr, M. 2017. Demystifying Climate Change: An Energy Story on Science, History, Threats and Opportunities.

16.  Mohee, R & Simelane, T. 2015. Future Direction of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Africa

17.  Muralikrishna, I.V. & Manickam, V. 2017. Environmental Management: Science and Engineering for Industry.

18.  Murphy, E. & King, E. 2014. Environmental Noise pollution: Noise Mapping, public Health and Policy

19.  Neuzil, M. & Freedman, E. 2017. Biodiversity Conservation and Environmental Management in the Great Lake Basin

20.  Open University, 2016. Climate Change

21.  Pichtel, J. 2014. Waste management practices: Municipal, Hazardous and Industrial

22.  Rosin, C. & Wald, N. 2017. Global Resources Scarcity: Catalyst for Conflict and Co-operation

Stephan, B. & Lane, R. 2016. The Politics of Carbon Markets